"Worrying doesn;t make any difference, but working does and spirituality gives one the strength t o work." Sri Sri
Mudras are elaborate hand and finger gestures which have symbolic meaning as visual language. As physical postures, their energetic powers can be directed to heal our bodies. The word ‘mudra’ in Sanskrit means “sealing in the energy”. These symbols point the way toward the goal of attaining Enlightenment.
Mudras have been in use for millenniums, evidence of their practice being found on every continent, by all religious people and even among those professing no religion. They are natural to the body, and many unconsciously apply this practice simply by touching their hands and fingertips in an instinctual way. The profound transformation that occurs in the body and mind upon practicing or viewing the mudras generates various personal qualities such as clarity, contentment, self-confidence, fortitude, and happiness. The accomplishment of siddhi (perfection in fulfillment) of a skill, capability, or faculty can also be achieved through mudras. This is to be known through the results of physical, mental and spiritual balance, but can lend itself to super natural abilities such as clairvoyance, levitation, bilocation, and psychic intuition.
Mudras connect ourselves to a higher understanding, a knowing of our own being, and an experience of One~ness that can be realized as God. This is a focus in life, to awaken the spirituality that lies within and allow our radiance to shine outward in perfect harmony. It is unity with the divine we seek to attain, a sealing of energy emanating in wholeness. Mudras are an art and science perfected through wisdom, they imbue tranquility, balance, and serenity for You and all the Universe.
To use a mudra, keep it for at least a couple of minutes. It is usually more effective to do them a while longer, like 15 minutes or so. You might spread that time over the day, but you could also make it part of meditation. Hold the finger-positions with both hands, at the same time. This will have a more powerful effect than doing a mudra with just one hand. Some mudras are simple enough so that you can even do them with your hands in your pockets.
According to the yogic science, the human body comprises of five basic elements – the Pancha Tattvas. The physical body is made up of five elements namely - Air, Water, Fire, Earth and Aakash (ether - the tiny intercellular spaces in the human body). Imbalance of these elements disrupts the immunity system and causes disease. Deficiencies in any of these elements can be made up by connecting one part of the body with another in a particular manner through Mudras.
The five fingers of the hand are connected to these vital elements in the body. When a finger representing an element is brought into contact with the thumb, that element is brought into balance. Therefore the disease caused by the imbalance is cured. Mudras start electromagnetic currents within the body which balance various constituting elements and restore health. The joining of fingers creates an effect on the human body.
FIVE FINGERS FOR FIVE ELEMENTS Thumb Fire Index Air Middle Aakash Ring Earth Little Water
Anjali Mudra (Hrdayanjali Mudra) Salutation Seal (Prayer Position or Namaste)
Anjali Mudra Sit comfortably in Siddhasana or stand in Tadasana. Inhale and bring your palms together. Rest the thumbs lightly on your sternum.
Press the hands firmly but evenly against each other. Make sure that one hand (usually your right hand if you are right-handed, your left if left-handed) doesn’t dominate the other. If you find such imbalance, release the dominant hand slightly but don’t increase the pressure of the non-dominant hand. Bow your head slightly, drawing the crease of the neck toward the center of your head. Lift your sternum into your thumbs and lengthen down along the back of the armpits, making the back elbows heavy.
Practicing Anjali Mudra is an excellent way to induce a meditative state of awareness. Start your practice sitting in meditation in Anjali Mudra for 5 minutes. You can also use this hand position in Tadasana prior to beginning the Sun Salutation sequence, contemplating the “sun” or light of awareness the yogis say is resident in your heart.
Apana Mudra (The Purification Mudra) The Apana Mudra is also known as the purification mudra. It helps to increase the balance of the elements of space and earth within the body.
Apana Mudra is very easy to do, join the tip of the thumb with the tip of middle and ring finger, keeping the other finger straight.
Apana Mudra helps in clearing the body by elimination of waste matter from the mouth, eyes, ears, nose etc. Helps when urine is obstructed, reduces constipation. Apana Mudra is very effective in treatments of anuria, constipation, flatulence, piles,delayed delivery in childbirth and burning in the body. It is very helpful in the treatments of all the diseases of deficiency of vata, and Kapha.
You can practice this Apana Mudra any time or any place but in morning hours is the best.If you are a Vata and Kapha Prakriti then practice this mudra in moderation only.
Gyan Mudra is the gesture of knowledge or wisdom. To perform this mudra, gently join the tip of thumb and the index finger, while the other three fingers are simply stretched out or free and slightly bent. Do this with both the right and left hand and hold for at least a few minutes. InKundalini Yoga the Gyan mudra is most often practiced with the hands resting on the knees and the elbows straight, althoughthere are many variations. You can practice this mudra anytime during the day or while you are performing yoga postures or during meditation.
The Gyan Mudra stimulates the root chakra, easing tension and depression. It relates to expansion and knowledge. It is extremely calming and brings the practitioner spiritual openness and ease in meditation. It is also known within traditional ayurveda to boost the air element, thus stimulating the brain, empowering the mind, nervous system and pituitary gland. It can help enhance concentration and prevent insomnia. Effective in cases of mental ailment, imparts happiness, the intellect develops, memory is sharpened.
Shoonya Mudra(Shunya Mudra) The name of this mudra comes from the Sanskrit shunya, meaning “emptiness,” “openness” or “spaciousness,” and mudra, meaning “gesture” or “seal.” Shunya may also refer to the sky or heaven. As such, shunya mudra may be translated as "heaven mudra."
In this mudra, the tip of the middle finger is placed at the base of the thumb, and the thumb presses gently on the middle finger just below the knuckle. The remaining three fingers stretch comfortably to the sky.
In ancient texts, shunya mudra was cited as providing access to the realm of heaven by harnessing fire energy (represented by the thumb) and ether energy (represented by the middle finger). Practicing shunya mudra is thought to provide relief from a range of hearing and balance issues, among them including:
Ear disorders such as acute pain, hearing loss, and tinnitus
Numbness anywhere in the body
As with any hasta mudra, shunya mudra is particularly beneficial when meditating. It can be practiced while seated, prone, standing or even walking, as long as the body is relaxed and the posture is symmetrical. It is recommended that shunya mudra be practiced up to three times daily for five to 15 minutes each time, and should be discontinued when no longer needed for its health benefits.
In terms of Ayurvedic medicine, this mudra is beneficial to those with a dominant vata, which is the dosha (governing energy) associated with the nervous system and waste elimination.
Prana Mudra (Pran Mudra) It's said that this mudraacts like a "cure all," benefiting everything from eyesight to fatigue, to skin rashes to vitamin deficiency. It reduces tiredness and nervousness in the body and can help bring clarity and focus.
Begin Prana Mudra while sitting down in a meditative position or while standing in Tadasana. It can also be performed at any time for a quick boost of energy. To start, keep your eyes closed and focus on your breath. Bring your hands to your sides and touch the tips of your ring finger and pinky finger to your thumb. Leave your index and middle finger pointed straight. Feel the surge of prana moving through your body.
Helps in pumping the life force into your body. Beneficial for all types of diseases. Imparts special power to the eyes. This mudra of "energy" or "life" is said to stimulate the root chakra, which creates vibration and heat. It energizes or awakens the body. It reduces tiredness and nervousness in the body and can help bring clarity and focus. It also said to help control emotions, enhance self-confidence and improve circulation, as the water, earth and fire elements are joined in this mudra.
Practice this mudra for around 15 to 30 minutes.
Vayu Mudra ( VAYU SHAAMAK MUDRA)
This mudrā is called as Vayu shaamak mudrā because of its impact on Vāyu element.
Press the index finger on the base of thumb and keep the thumb on the index finger. Let the other fingers be straight.
Vayu Mudra in diseases like arthritis, trembling in Parkinson's disease. Better results obtained if practices after Prana mudra.Vāyu mudra is very useful to decrease air element in the body. Vāyu mudrā decreases Vayu element in the body which enables various health benefits. If your mind is anxious and restless Vayu-shamak mudrā is best natural remedy to overcome. If you are over excited then Vayu mudrā will calm down your nervous system and you can feel relaxation. Hormone imbalance of endocrine glands can be overcome through practicing Vayu mudrā. Other benefits of Vāyu-shamak mudrā are, Clears voice problems, allows re-hydration of skin and articular cartilage.
Daily practice of 30 to forty-five minutes is enough to get best results.You can do Vāyu mudrā any time or in any pose. It is recommended that early hours in the morning or in meditation to get quick results.
Prithvi Mudra ( Agni-shaamak mudra)
Prithvior the earth is one of the major element our body is comprised of.
The meaning of the Sanskrit word “Prithvi” signifies ‘earth’. Right from the olden times earth is considered as mother. Motherhood earth cures every problems of human being. Earth is interpreted as the gestural of composure and coolness. The earth bears vast ability to console the torso elements. This mudra reestablishes the equilibrium of the earth element in your body. This mudra is generally called as Prithvi mudra, this mudra step-ups the Prithvi (earth) element within the body. Simultaneously, it step-down the Agni(fire) element. Therefore, it can also be called Agni-shaamak mudra. It may get rid of an energy shortage in the root chakra. The Prithivi Mudra can reconstruct your balance and confidence. This mudra likewise triggers off the root chakra, in which our natural forcefulness resides. We need constancy and alimentation to grow and be effective in the world and can be achieved through this mudra.
Join the tip of the thumb and ring finger.
Prithvi mudra is used to decrease the fire element and increase the earth element of the body. The earth element of the body is responsible for traits of weight, hair etc.
Makes body sturdy. One experiences happiness.
This mudra increments energy, and nurtures a good sense of innermost stable-ness and self-confidence.
It may assist establish torso effectiveness.
The finger position of this mudra heightens the sense of smell and represents beneficial for the nails, skin, hair, and bones.
Body Balance can be achieved through this mudra.
This mudra is peculiarly advisable for persons who has deficiency of minerals and vitamins.
It helps oneself build up tolerance.
The practice of Prithvi mudra takes away the tiredness and energizes the exhausted organs of the body.
The torso starts to experience stimulated from internal.
The vitality of the torso is strengthen by nature and enthuses the intellect.
Narrowness and preconceptions are importantly brought down by the practice of this mudra.
It could be applied to treat the disorders likes Cronic tiredness, feebleness, recuperation, deficiency of staying power, paradoxical, weight-loss, emaciation, Fracture, paralysis, poliomyelitis, dry out,cracked, aflame ,age skin, breakable nails, Hair-loss, early greying of hair, burning off in eyes, stomach(acidity), anus, hands, feet, head, ulcers in the mouth, Jaundice, Fever.
Use this mudra for three times a day for 15 minutes or once for 30-45 min
Varun Mudra (jal vardhak mudra)
The Varun Mudra is known as the “seal of mental clarity”. When the two fingers are placed together it is meant to symbolize and encourage openness and fluid communication. It also helps balance the water element in the body, activating the salivary glands and moistening dry eyes and skin.Improves the deteriorated quality of blood due to shortage of water & gives freshness to the body.
Varun mudra or jal vardhak mudra is very easy to do, Just placing the tip of the little finger on the tip of the thumb and applying the little pressure.
Varun mudra helps to increase water element in the body. Our body has 75 percent water. Water is plays major role in every activity of our health system. Water is present in protoplasm of cells, extracellular fluid, lymph, blood, tears, saliva, mucus, digestive juices, enzymes, hormones, semen, cerebrospinal fluid, etc. Any slight decrease in the percentage of water would result to many disturbances like dehydration. Practicing Varun mudra helps to increase water element in the body and restore the balance in the system. The element of water has a major role in taste and tongue. Jal-vardhak mudra is very useful to treat the disorders related to the tongue, taste, senses, dryness of the mouth.
Jal is the main part of pita and Kapha Prakriti.If you are a pitta or Kapha Prakriti person then you should practice this mudra moderately, this mudrā increases pita and Kapha dosha.If you are a Vata dosha person then practising this mudrā regularly will be greatly beneficial to prevent illness.
Benefits of Varun mudra and its healing properties:
Dryness of eyes and mouth, throat and intestines.
Dryness of skin and moister skin in the winter.
Degeneration of joint cartilage osteoarthritis
Deficiency of hormones
Loss of taste
All the diseases cause due to an excess of Vata dosha can be healed by practising Varun mudrā. Duration For Varun Mudra 30 minutes of regular practice is enough to get the benefits of Varun mudrā or jal-vardhak mudrā. You can do this mudra at any time or in any place, but early hours of the morning or in meditation is preferable.
Surya Mudra (Ravi Mudra)
The Sanskrit meaning of “Surya” means ‘sun‘. Sun is the only origin and source of energy. This mudra is also known as SURYA or RAVI MUDRA. This mudra renders and supplies energy. Surya Mudra with pride can be called as Mudra of Sun.
Put the tip of ring finger at the base of thumb, with thumb gently pressing on it.
This Mudra helps oneself a great deal in experiencing regenerated. Moral excellence of sun’s vitality exhibit in all living beingnesses. Surya mudra pulls in energy of the Sun. The absolute beginning, sun making up the sign of energy which brings down bluntness, dullness and stresses from mind stimulating a person to be lighthearted and active.
Surya Mudra has infinite benefits like our sun, but few benefits of Surya Mudra are as follow:
Surya Mudra helps to remedies psychological heaviness and also bring down the level of mental tension.
It too de-oxidizes body fatness.
Surya Mudra is likewise suggested as most beneficial resolution for digestion disorders and also balances in the process of digestion,
This Mudra cuts down the level of cholesterol in body and helps oneself in bringing down body weight.
It slenderizes anxiousness.
Also Surya Mudra gives energy, wellness and intuition to the body.
Surya mudra offers intellectual equanimity.
It helps oneself remove complete unhealthy saddle and mental stress.
The thyroid gland secretory organ exhibit in human body is focalized with the day-to-day practice of this Mudra.
Linga Mudra Shiva linga mudrais a Sanskrit term for a hand gesture that may be used in one's yoga practice. Shiva is the Hindu god of destruction; linga is derived from li, meaning "to dissolve," and gam, meaning "to move on"; and mudra means "sign," "energetic seal" or "gesture."
Interlock the fingers of both hands together. Keeping the left thumb up (encircled by right thumb and index finger) i.e. left thumb should be vertically straight and right thumb around i
Linga Mudra exercise is very much beneficial to overcome cold and overweight. This mudra contributes to burning the extra fat in the body that helps to weight loss. Linga Mudra for cold, this mudra increase hotness in the body that helps to relieve cold. Linga mudrā is very useful in the treatments of Shivering and chills due to intolerance of cold weather or hypothermia. All the ailments caused due to the accumulation of mucous in the body. Diseases like sinusitis, wet cough, sticky stools can be overcome through linga mudrā. Asthma and other respiratory ailments that occur at the change of weather, Sexual debility in men.
This mudrā can be practice only when there is a necessary. Linga mudrā duration is 30 minutes.
Pushan Mudra Pushan Mudradirects breath, awareness and energy to the solar plexus, our seat of digestion in the body. The Sanskrit meaning of Pushan stands for Nourishment and Mudra signifies hand gesture. Pushan Mudra is one and only the most significant mudra to maintain and keep the body nourished.
This Mudra helps oneself with digestion and excretion . Besides that it assists with elimination by arousing the brain. It is stated to be devoted to God Surya. It is also called as the god of nourishment.In this mudra both the hands have dissimilar gestures. In Pushan mudra, making of mudra with one hand stands for taking on or receiving and the motion of other hand intends to let go.
In easy language it can be said that Pushan mudra is the mudra for digestion as it helps in digestion of the food and as well in excreting the waste too. It influences the vitality flows which are responsible for assimilating and utilizing food, in addition to assisting with excretion. It heightens respiration and so the increase the absorption of oxygen and the discharge of carbon dioxide in the lungs. It can be expresses as anenergy pump. Benefits of Pushan Mudra
It is the mudra for digestion.
It regularizes vitalities in the autonomic nervous system.
It makes a relaxing result on the abdominal nerve plexus, the area of the stomach, liver, spleen, and gall-bladder.
It helps in circulating energies of excretion, and detoxications
Makes drastic consequence on common or intense sickness, naupathia, gas, and that sensation of voluminosity one experiences after meals
It arouses the functions of the brain
Pushan Mudra For the right hand The tip of thumb, index finger and the middle finger are touched with each other keeping the ring finger and small finger extended outright For the left hand The tip of the thumb, middle finger and ring finger are touched with each other and the index finger and the little finger are extended outright. Both the hands ought to be coordinated. You can perform Pushan mudra four to five times a day.
Hakini mudra is one of the most practiced mudras in yoga. Derived from Sanskrit, hakini means "power" or "rule," and mudrameans "seal," "gesture" or "mark." Hakini mudrarefers to the power of the mind. It is also called the mudra for the mind.
Hakini mudra is one of the most practiced mudras in yoga. Derived from Sanskrit, hakini means "power" or "rule," and mudra means "seal," "gesture" or "mark." Hakini mudra refers to the power of the mind. It is also called the mudra for the mind.
To perform hakini mudra, bring the palms in front of the body with each palm facing the other. Bring the finger tips of both hands together by letting them maintain light contact. Focus on the third eye chakra. Place the tongue against the roof of the mouth and inhale. Relax the tongue while exhaling. Repeat this series of movements for several minutes.
Hakini mudra boosts memory power, increases concentration, energizes the brain, coordinates the right and left hemispheres of the brain, and promotes calmness. Hakini mudra also develops one's connection with the third eye chakra and promotes intuition.
Matangi Mudra Matangi Mudra releases stress and strengthens the breathing cycle of the body. Matangi is referred to the ‘God of Inner Harmony’ and royal ruler ship. It is performs to be therapeutic for many health troubles. Matangi Mudra strengthens the breathing rhythm around solar plexus and balances energy in this area. This mudra also soothes the hampered digestion process. People with high blood pressure should do this mudra in moderation.
Matangi Mudra can be done when feeling low energy or low enthusiasm. This can be done as and when required or 3 times a day for 4 minutes each time.
Fold hands in front of the solar plexus (stomach area).
Now extend both middle fingers and join them at the tips.
Start breathing up to diaphragm and observe the solar plexus and breathing at a same time.
Direct attention to the breath in the stomach area.
This mudra is extremely useful for overall inner harmony of mind and bod
Matangi Mudra basically serves to be effective practice for digestion. Apart from this, Matangi mudra helps to cure other traumatic diseases.
Activates solar plexus and digestion.
This mudra helps to induce the wood element which is the representation of new beginning and the earth element which is the representation of the intensity of life.
Matangi mudra facilitates the heart, stomach, liver, duodenum, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas and kidneys.
This mudra calms down the heart and resolve inner tension.
Practising this mudra helps to relieve vague pain and tension in the jaw.
Aakash Mudra Aakash mudrais a symbolic, ritualistic gesture of the hands often used in Ayurveda and spiritual yoga practice to increase the element of space, or the cosmos, within the body. The name comes from the Sanskrit words aakash (or akash), meaning "view" or "recognize," andmudra, which means "gesture," "mark" or "seal." This mudra is formed by joining together the tips of the thumb and the middle finger.
Aakaash Vardhak Mudra increases the aakaash (space) element within the body. Since the space within the body is a part of the outer space (aakaash or cosmos), practice of this mudra enables the individual (aatmaa) to reunite with the collective consciousness (Paramaatmaa or God). Negative emotions like fear, anger, sorrow, etc., are replaced by positive emotions and thoughts. The above mentioned increase in internal space is effected by the elimination of metabolic wastes from the body. Thus Aakaash Vardhak Mudra is a detoxifying mudra.
The increased internal space enables the rest of the four bodily elements: Vaayu (air), Agni (fire), Jal (water) and Prithvi (earth) to increase, affording them a room to act. Thus, Aakaash Vardhak Mudra can be beneficially combined with Mudras that increase the other four elements (i.e., Vaayu Vardhak mudra, Prithvi Vardhak mudra, Agni Vardhak mudra and Jal Vardhak mudra). In general, Aakaash Vardhak Mudra is an excellent mudra that stimulates noble thoughts and helps the practitioner to take rapid strides along the path to moksha (salvation).
It also helps a person who wishes to scale great heights in the art of meditation. The element Aakaash is also a component of bodily humor Vaata. Therefore, Aakaash Vardhak Mudra reinforces the Vaata humor of the body. It should be done in moderation by people of Vaata constitution.
Benefits of Aakaash Vardhak Mudra:
Helps -to develop noble & elevated thoughts
To develop intuition and extra sensory powers (ESP)
To detoxify the body by the elimination of metabolic wastes (through exhaled air, sweat, urine and stools)
To overcome a feeling of fullness / heaviness in the body or body-parts
To overcome discomfort caused by over-eating
To relieve congestion (and pain) in the head (due to migraine or sinusitis), ear/s (due to infection), chest (due to infection / asthma )
High blood pressure
Perform Aakash 30 to 45 minutes every day, either at one stretch or in three parts (i.e., for 10 to 15 minutes, thrice a day). Though Aakaash Vardhak mudra can be performed any time of the day, practicing it at anytime between 2.00 to 6.00 am/pm gives better results.
Garuda Mudra Garuda Mudra, symbolizing the wings of a bird, representing inner freedom. In Hindu mythology Garuda(“Eagle”) is known as the king of birds. He transports the God Vishnu and is eager to help humanity fight against demons. The Garuda mudrais a powerful mudra to add to your yoga and meditation practice. Use Garuda Mudra for energy and inspiration.
Clasp your thumbs and place your hands, right hand on top of the left hand, on your lower abdomen. Remain in this position for about 10 breaths and then slide your hands up to your navel. Stay there for another 10 breaths. Then place your hands on the pit of your stomach and remain again for about 10 breaths. It is suggested to do this Garuda mudra three times a day for 4 minutes. (you can place your hands as well on your chest the second time).
The Garuda mudra is a powerful mudra to add to your yoga and meditation practice. Garuda mudra is useful in balancing the vata energy in the body. Vata represent the wind in the body. With this Garuda mudra you control the wind in the body. Due to imbalanced wind, body suffers a lot, this Garuda mudra helps you feel better and energized. You can use this mudra as well when you need some inspiration.
This mudra activates blood flow and circulation, invigorates the organs, and balances energy on both sides of the body. Whether in the pelvic or chest area, it invigorates and stimulates. It relaxes and relieves pain related to menstrual complaints, stomach upsets, and respiratory difficulties. It also helps people deal with exhaustion and mood fluctuations.
Kubera Mudra In India Kuberais the god of wealth.Therefore this is known as thewealth mudrā.
Kubera Mudra is performed by joining together tip of your thumb, index, and middle finger. The other two fingers need to be bend so that can rest in the middle of your hand. This should be performed by both the hands.
The practice of Kubera Mudra helps to increase your confidence level and serenity. You should visualize your goals before doing this mudrā. You can do this mudrā for longer times.There are no time restrictions and precautions for Kubera mudra practice.
The practice of Kubera mudra helps to increase Vata humor. The increase in Vata humor helps the person to be creative, active, alert and restless untile the goal is achieved. People who want to fulfill their wishes can do this wealth mudrā daily. This mudrā helps in increasing the intent to fulfill your wishes or desires. .Do this mudrā when you are looking for anything specific.
One import aspect is that one should do his own contribution to achieving his goal or wishes, simply performing this mudrā will not fulfill your desires!! It only gives you the power to do it. The Mind should be clear and should not be distracted by unnecessary thoughts while doing the Kubera mudrā. You should visualize your desires and goals while doing the Kubera Mudra.
Auspicious dates to worship Lord Kubera is between Oct 15th to Nov. 15 (Tamil Month Aiyppasi). Thursday is the most auspicious day with star Pusa. He faces Northern direction. His characteristic symbol is the mongoose, often shown vomiting jewels. In the Buddhist pantheon, he is also known as Jambhala, probably from the jambhara (lemon) he carries in his hand. He is always represented corpulent and covered with jewels. His right foot is generally pendant and supported by a lotus flower on which is a conch shell.
Uttarabodhi Mudra Uttarabodhi mudra is very useful to get enlightenment. This mudra can be used to substitute Abhay-Gyan mudra.
This mudra is easy to perform just interlock the hands keeping the index finger straight touching each other and pointing upwards and the thumbs extended touching each other and pointing downwards.
Regular practice of this mudra leads to the realisation of self and remove fear. This mudra gives us the knowledge of self and realization that we should fear nothing except God.
This mudra is the best mudra to soothe and calm excited nerves before beginning of a daunting task. This mudra is very useful to improve self-confidence and to overcome examination or stage fright, etc.
20 minutes of practice is enough to get the result. You can perform this mudra any time or any position or whenever there is a necessity.
Dharmachakra Mudra In Sanskrit, "Dharmachakra" means "dharma wheel." Thismudra recalls the Buddha's first sermon after he gained enlightenment. It also represents the union of skillful means (upaya) and wisdom (prajna)
Face your left hand toward your heart with your fingers spread. Bring the thumb and index figure together on your right hand and touch the tip of the ring finger on your left hand. In this mudra the thumb and index finger of both hands touch at their tips to form a circle. This circle represents the Wheel of Dharma, or in metaphysical terms, the union of method and wisdom. The three remaining fingers of the two hands remain extended. These fingers are themselves rich in symbolic significance.
The three extended fingers of the right hand represent the three vehicles of the Buddha's teachings, namely:
The middle finger represents the 'hearers' of the teachings
The ring finger represents the 'solitary realizers'
The little finger represents the Mahayana or 'Great Vehicle'.
The three extended fingers of the left hand symbolize the Three Jewels of Buddhism, namely, the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha.
Significantly, in this mudra, the hands are held in front of the heart, symbolizing that these teachings are straight from the Buddha's heart. This mudra is displayed by the first Dhyani Buddha Vairochana. Each of the Five Dhyani Buddhas is associated with a specific human delusion, and it is believed that they help mortal beings in overcoming them. Thus, Vairochana is believed to transform the delusion of ignorance into the wisdom of reality. By displaying the Dharmachakra mudra, he thus helps adepts in bringing about this transition.
Dhyana Mudra Dhyana mudrais a hand gesture used by yogis during meditation excercises to build and improve the ability to concentrate and heal. Both hands are placed on the lap, the right hand on top of the left one, palms facing upward. In Buddhism, this mudra is dispalyed with the tips of the thumbs touching.
This gesture predates Buddhism, having been used for long by Hindu yogis to develop powers of concentration and healing. In this mudra, the seated Buddha is seen with hands placed on his lap, right hand over left, palms facing upward and fingers stretched in a relaxed pose. The right hand represents enlightenment, while the left is the illusory nature of existence. Alternatively, this positioning of the hands signifies skilful action (or “method”) as arising from a state of inner calm.
Sometimes, this mudra is displayed with both thumb tips touching each other, forming a triangle. This figure represents the Three Jewels of Buddhism – the Buddha, the Sangha and the Good Law (Dharma). The coming together of the thumb tips also indicates the union of two psychic channels in the body, as represented by the male and female principles that exist in every sentient being.
On a more practical note, the Mudra signifies the gesture of absolute balance. The person meditating is completely unmoved by the surroundings, immersed in infinite space.
Ahamkara Mudra Ahamkara mudra is one of the most powerful mudras for self-assertion and confidence. It helps the practitioner to combat fear and dispel timidity and find his or her center of being. Ahamkara is a Sanskrit term to describe egoism, self-conceit or the self-consciousness. The word means literally "I-maker."
To form ahamkara mudra bend your index finger slightly. Place your thumb on the middle phalanx of the index finger and exert a slight pressure. Keep the middle, ring and small fingers stretched out. Ahamkara mudra should be formed with both hands during meditation. You should be able to hold it for a few minutes and perform it on regular basis, especially if fear and doubt dominate your daily affairs.
This mudra will help you strengthen your will to face difficulties without fear. It will empower you and give you courage on your personal journey.
Yoni Mudra Yoni mudra is one of the mudras of yoga that promotes a calm state of mind. Both Sanskrit terms, mudra means "gesture" or "energetic seal," and yonimeans "the womb" or refers to the female reproductive system in general. The Yoni Mudra helps to completely detach from the chaos of the outer world and quiet the mind. Its name is derived from the word Yoni, which means "uterus", because like a baby in the uterus, the practitioner has no external contact with the world and, therefore, no externalization of consciousness.
Assume a comfortable posture, like seated cross-legged, remembering to always keep your head and back straight and upright. Bring palms together with the fingers and thumbs straight and the thumbs pointing towards the sky. Then turn the pinky, ring and middle fingers inwards so that the back of the fingers are touching. Take slow, deep breaths.
The Yoni Mudra helps in quieting the mind of the practitioner. Practicing this helps the nervous system to be calmed and stabilized, allowing you to redirect your attention inward. Practicing this, one finds their nervous system calmed and stabilized.